Hepatitis C is a silent killer

 

Hepatitis C, or HCV, often shows no symptoms. Chronic HCV infection affects an estimated 71 million people globally, and claims nearly 400,000 lives annually.1

Up to 80% of people do
not know they are infected.1

Ongoing infections carry increased risk

 

Hepatitis C is a viral infection of the liver. HCV infections that are not fought off by the immune system are called chronic infections, and they develop in 60–80% of persons.1

Chronic HCV infection increases the risk of cirrhosis of the liver to 15–30% within 20 years.
1

 

HCV spreads through contact with blood

 

Certain activities may cause HCV-infected blood to enter the body of someone who is not infected.

Sharing of needles is one of
the most common
paths of transmission.

qPCR Reagent Selection Guide

Activities known to spread HCV:

    Sharing needles, syringes, or other equipment to inject drugs

     

    Needlestick injuries in healthcare settings

     

    Unregulated settings providing tattoos and piercings

     

 

qPCR Reagent Selection Guide

Less common cause of transmission:

  • Sharing personal care items, like razors or toothbrushes that may have been in contact with blood

     

  • Having sexual contact with a person infected with HCV

     

  • HCV can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby

 

qPCR Reagent Selection Guide

HCV is not spread through:

  • Breast milk

     

  • The sharing of food or drinks with an infected person

     

  • Casual contact, such as hugging or kissing

     

     

 

 

 

Hepatitis C is curable

 

Treatment options have advanced significantly and include oral regimens which are generally well tolerated. Some therapies have reported cure rates of more than 95%.1

 

 

 

With the right treatment plan,
95% of people can be cured
within 2-3 months.1


Take action. Get tested.

 

HCV is often detected during routine blood tests. A person that has been infected for many years may experience serious liver problems despite having no symptoms.

An early, accurate diagnosis can prevent health problems that may result from infection and prevent further transmission of the virus. Reliable in vitro laboratory diagnostic testing is a crucial first step.

If detected early, hepatitis C is treatable and curable.

Modern testing can identify an
infection and determine if
treatment is working.

Hepatitis C Risk Self-Assessment Tool

Have you received a transfusion of blood or blood components, undergone an organ transplant before 1992 or received a clotting factor concentrate before 1987?
Yes
No
Don't know
1 of 9

 

References:

1. WHO. Hepatitis C Fact Sheet. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs164/en/. Accessed December 12, 2017.

2. American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Recommendations for Testing, Managing, and Treating Hepatitis C. http://www.hcvguidelines.org. Accessed September 21, 2017.

3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2010 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines. January 28, 2011.

4. Nation Health Service in England. Hepatitis C – Causes. July 10, 2015. http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hepatitis-c/causes/.

5. Backmund M, et al. Hepatitis C Virus Infection and Injection Drug Users: Prevention, Risk Factors, and Treatment. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;40:S330-5.

6. Tahan V, et al. Sexual transmission of HCV between spouses. Am J Gastroenterol. 2005;100:821-4.

7. Van de Laar TJ, et al. Increase in HCV incidence among men who have sex with men in Amsterdam most likely caused by sexual transmission. J Infect Dis. 2007;196:230-8.

8. Shimokura GH, et al. Risk of hepatitis C virus infection from tattooing and other skin piercing services. Can J Infect Dis. 1995;6(5):235-238.

9. Lock G, et al. Hepatitis C - contamination of toothbrushes: myth or reality? J Viral Hepat. 2006;13:571-573.

10. Tumminelli F, et al. Shaving as potential source of hepatitis C virus infection. Lancet. 1995;345(8950):658.

11. Moyer VA, et al. Screening for Hepatitis C Virus Infection in Adults: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Ann Intern Med. 2013;159:349-357.

12. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. People Born 1945-19654 (Baby Boomers). http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/populations/1945-1965.htm. Accessed September 19, 2017.